Humanitats

Un país gairebé normal. Dos dies de seminari sobre la cultura catalana i contra ningú

AF Poster seminari UOC 2013Qui perd els orígens, perd identitat” és un dels versos més coneguts de Raimon. Concebut com a himne de combat manté encara avui un valor testimonial d’un temps i  d’un país, tot i que potser sigui hora de qüestionar-ne el seu sentit últim. D’una banda, perquè la identitat no es perd com qui perd les claus, ni és única ni unívoca. La identitat és, per definició, quelcom en constant transformació, múltiple i, sovint, de fronteres borroses. De l’altra, la referència als orígens segurament apel·la a uns temps passats que, tenyits per la nostàlgia i la distància, recordem enganyosament com a millors, harmoniosos i arcàdics. I, en canvi, com ens recorda Salvador Cardús: “la identitat sobreviu i es recrea a condició de revisar els orígens”.

De la revisió del passat en sorgeix, entre d’altres, una lectura que normalitza la retòrica excepcionalitat catalana i, alhora, ofereix un interessant joc de miralls. Així, la lenta recuperació de la cultura catalana, des de l’any zero (1939) fins la seva present ‘normalització’, es farà paral·lelament als intents de l’oposició clandestina i del franquisme més intel·ligent per dur-la al seu camp.

5047004140_fa63ea6faa_bEls primers faran seu, sense ser-ne conscients, l’esquema plantejat per l’historiador txec Miroslav Hroch: (re)descobriment de les lletres, agitació política i nacionalització de les masses. Els segons substituiran, en part, la repressió per una certa tolerància i alguns tímids intents de cooptació. Un “regionalismo bien entendido” entre sardanes i cartells que, amb motiu del referèndum de 1966, comminaven –en català— a la població: “Tu pots decidir el futur d’Espanya” i “No barris el pas al progrés del País. Digues sí al futur”. Més enllà de la sobtant ‘vigència’ dels lemes, a l’intent, però, li coixejava la credibilitat.

L’èxit dels primers –de l’oposició clandestina convertida ara en classe política— només serà complet quan, en recuperar la democràcia, aconsegueixin bastir un discurs hegemònic socialment. Amb tot, aquesta hegemonia serà disputada i més conflictiva, atès que durant el procés apareixen nous actors i l’antagonisme inherent a qualsevol societat democràtica, fet que fa impossible les identitats completes. I en aquesta construcció del relat, tant important resulta la buscada confusió dels interessos de part pel tot, com el control de la interpretació del passat.

Cap enrere, el relat oscil·la entre el simplisme d’una definició de Catalunya en cinc segons (“Catalunya és l’empelt entre Jaume I i la revolució econòmica dels segles XVIII i XIX”, Jordi Pujol dixit), i la recreació nostàlgica d’una suposada unitat primigènia. Recreació que ja no es fa des de l’Acadèmia o els llibres.

Contra la comoditat interpretativa del simplisme i la nostàlgia, un camí és el de la integració de la complexitat. Un camí que passa per enriquir el relat comú amb aquells classificats com a subalterns del passat i del present. Com en el seu moment feren Jaume Fabre i Josep Maria Huertas Clavería deixant constància, aixecant acta, de l’existència d’uns barris perifèrics que aspiraven a ser reconeguts, nomenats i reivindicats. Com passa ara en camps com el patrimoni culinari o els espais interfronterers, o en sectors marginals com la prostitució i les presons.

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Com ja ens advertia George Steiner, a Europa el passat ens rodeja sigil·losament des del nomenclàtor dels carrers i des de les estacions de metro. Tanmateix, avui la pantalla ha esdevingut el mitjà d’accés majoritari a la història. Història que no es vol conflictiva ni traumàtica, sinó complaent, sanadora i evocadora d’un temps suposadament ideal. “Los dioses se han marchado, nos queda la televisión”, en paraules de Manuel Vázquez Montalbán.

Segons el novel·lista Julian Barnes “la historia és la certesa produïda en el punt on les imperfeccions de la memòria es troben amb les deficiències de la documentació”. D’aquí la importància que des dels Estudis Culturals, ens aproximem a tots dos extrems. Per veure com parlem de nosaltres mateixos als papers amb què ens adrecem als altres quan, per exemple, volem vendre el somni olímpic; o com preserven la memòria d’institucions rellevants per la nostra cultura, com ara les literàries.
Algunes d’aquestes reflexions m’acompanyaren al llarg de les diferents sessions sobre “Institucions i identitat en la cultura catalana de la normalització”. Especialistes en catalanística vinguts d’arreu (de Montpeller a Xicago, de Sheffield a Venècia, de Perpinyà a Richmond, de Cardiff a Barcelona), s’aplegaven –ens aplegàvem— per parlar de cultura, identitat, resistència, institucionalització i normalització. Per dialogar sense necessitat, sorprenentment, de recórrer a termes com l’auto-odi, tot defugint molts altres tòpics que llastren sovint la vida acadèmica. I, per un moment, podíem arribar a pensar en el nostre país com “next to normal” (gairebé normal).

54 comments

  1. The Zune concentrates on being a Portable Media Player. Not a web browser. Not a game machine. Maybe in the future it’ll do even better in those areas, but for now it’s a fantastic way to organize and listen to your music and videos, and is without peer in that regard. The iPod’s strengths are its web browsing and apps. If those sound more compelling, perhaps it is your best choice.

  2. Hands down, Apple’s app store wins by a mile. It’s a huge selection of all sorts of apps vs a rather sad selection of a handful for Zune. Microsoft has plans, especially in the realm of games, but I’m not sure I’d want to bet on the future if this aspect is important to you. The iPod is a much better choice in that case.

  3. Apple now has Rhapsody as an app, which is a great start, but it is currently hampered by the inability to store locally on your iPod, and has a dismal 64kbps bit rate. If this changes, then it will somewhat negate this advantage for the Zune, but the 10 songs per month will still be a big plus in Zune Pass’ favor.

  4. I’ll gear this review to 2 types of people: current Zune owners who are considering an upgrade, and people trying to decide between a Zune and an iPod. (There are other players worth considering out there, like the Sony Walkman X, but I hope this gives you enough info to make an informed decision of the Zune vs players other than the iPod line as well.)

  5. Hands down, Apple’s app store wins by a mile. It’s a huge selection of all sorts of apps vs a rather sad selection of a handful for Zune. Microsoft has plans, especially in the realm of games, but I’m not sure I’d want to bet on the future if this aspect is important to you. The iPod is a much better choice in that case.

  6. Hands down, Apple’s app store wins by a mile. It’s a huge selection of all sorts of apps vs a rather sad selection of a handful for Zune. Microsoft has plans, especially in the realm of games, but I’m not sure I’d want to bet on the future if this aspect is important to you. The iPod is a much better choice in that case.

  7. The new Zune browser is surprisingly good, but not as good as the iPod’s. It works well, but isn’t as fast as Safari, and has a clunkier interface. If you occasionally plan on using the web browser that’s not an issue, but if you’re planning to browse the web alot from your PMP then the iPod’s larger screen and better browser may be important.

  8. Between me and my husband we’ve owned more MP3 players over the years than I can count, including Sansas, iRivers, iPods (classic & touch), the Ibiza Rhapsody, etc. But, the last few years I’ve settled down to one line of players. Why? Because I was happy to discover how well-designed and fun to use the underappreciated (and widely mocked) Zunes are.

  9. Between me and my husband we’ve owned more MP3 players over the years than I can count, including Sansas, iRivers, iPods (classic & touch), the Ibiza Rhapsody, etc. But, the last few years I’ve settled down to one line of players. Why? Because I was happy to discover how well-designed and fun to use the underappreciated (and widely mocked) Zunes are.

  10. I’ll gear this review to 2 types of people: current Zune owners who are considering an upgrade, and people trying to decide between a Zune and an iPod. (There are other players worth considering out there, like the Sony Walkman X, but I hope this gives you enough info to make an informed decision of the Zune vs players other than the iPod line as well.)

  11. Zune and iPod: Most people compare the Zune to the Touch, but after seeing how slim and surprisingly small and light it is, I consider it to be a rather unique hybrid that combines qualities of both the Touch and the Nano. It’s very colorful and lovely OLED screen is slightly smaller than the touch screen, but the player itself feels quite a bit smaller and lighter. It weighs about 2/3 as much, and is noticeably smaller in width and height, while being just a hair thicker.

  12. The new Zune browser is surprisingly good, but not as good as the iPod’s. It works well, but isn’t as fast as Safari, and has a clunkier interface. If you occasionally plan on using the web browser that’s not an issue, but if you’re planning to browse the web alot from your PMP then the iPod’s larger screen and better browser may be important.

  13. I’ll gear this review to 2 types of people: current Zune owners who are considering an upgrade, and people trying to decide between a Zune and an iPod. (There are other players worth considering out there, like the Sony Walkman X, but I hope this gives you enough info to make an informed decision of the Zune vs players other than the iPod line as well.)

  14. The Zune concentrates on being a Portable Media Player. Not a web browser. Not a game machine. Maybe in the future it’ll do even better in those areas, but for now it’s a fantastic way to organize and listen to your music and videos, and is without peer in that regard. The iPod’s strengths are its web browsing and apps. If those sound more compelling, perhaps it is your best choice.

  15. If you’re still on the fence: grab your favorite earphones, head down to a Best Buy and ask to plug them into a Zune then an iPod and see which one sounds better to you, and which interface makes you smile more. Then you’ll know which is right for you.

  16. Zune and iPod: Most people compare the Zune to the Touch, but after seeing how slim and surprisingly small and light it is, I consider it to be a rather unique hybrid that combines qualities of both the Touch and the Nano. It’s very colorful and lovely OLED screen is slightly smaller than the touch screen, but the player itself feels quite a bit smaller and lighter. It weighs about 2/3 as much, and is noticeably smaller in width and height, while being just a hair thicker.

  17. Apple now has Rhapsody as an app, which is a great start, but it is currently hampered by the inability to store locally on your iPod, and has a dismal 64kbps bit rate. If this changes, then it will somewhat negate this advantage for the Zune, but the 10 songs per month will still be a big plus in Zune Pass’ favor.

  18. The Zune concentrates on being a Portable Media Player. Not a web browser. Not a game machine. Maybe in the future it’ll do even better in those areas, but for now it’s a fantastic way to organize and listen to your music and videos, and is without peer in that regard. The iPod’s strengths are its web browsing and apps. If those sound more compelling, perhaps it is your best choice.

  19. If you’re still on the fence: grab your favorite earphones, head down to a Best Buy and ask to plug them into a Zune then an iPod and see which one sounds better to you, and which interface makes you smile more. Then you’ll know which is right for you.

  20. Apple now has Rhapsody as an app, which is a great start, but it is currently hampered by the inability to store locally on your iPod, and has a dismal 64kbps bit rate. If this changes, then it will somewhat negate this advantage for the Zune, but the 10 songs per month will still be a big plus in Zune Pass’ favor.

  21. If you’re still on the fence: grab your favorite earphones, head down to a Best Buy and ask to plug them into a Zune then an iPod and see which one sounds better to you, and which interface makes you smile more. Then you’ll know which is right for you.

  22. The Zune concentrates on being a Portable Media Player. Not a web browser. Not a game machine. Maybe in the future it’ll do even better in those areas, but for now it’s a fantastic way to organize and listen to your music and videos, and is without peer in that regard. The iPod’s strengths are its web browsing and apps. If those sound more compelling, perhaps it is your best choice.

  23. I’ll gear this review to 2 types of people: current Zune owners who are considering an upgrade, and people trying to decide between a Zune and an iPod. (There are other players worth considering out there, like the Sony Walkman X, but I hope this gives you enough info to make an informed decision of the Zune vs players other than the iPod line as well.)

  24. The Zune concentrates on being a Portable Media Player. Not a web browser. Not a game machine. Maybe in the future it’ll do even better in those areas, but for now it’s a fantastic way to organize and listen to your music and videos, and is without peer in that regard. The iPod’s strengths are its web browsing and apps. If those sound more compelling, perhaps it is your best choice.

  25. The Zune concentrates on being a Portable Media Player. Not a web browser. Not a game machine. Maybe in the future it’ll do even better in those areas, but for now it’s a fantastic way to organize and listen to your music and videos, and is without peer in that regard. The iPod’s strengths are its web browsing and apps. If those sound more compelling, perhaps it is your best choice.

  26. Zune and iPod: Most people compare the Zune to the Touch, but after seeing how slim and surprisingly small and light it is, I consider it to be a rather unique hybrid that combines qualities of both the Touch and the Nano. It’s very colorful and lovely OLED screen is slightly smaller than the touch screen, but the player itself feels quite a bit smaller and lighter. It weighs about 2/3 as much, and is noticeably smaller in width and height, while being just a hair thicker.

  27. Zune and iPod: Most people compare the Zune to the Touch, but after seeing how slim and surprisingly small and light it is, I consider it to be a rather unique hybrid that combines qualities of both the Touch and the Nano. It’s very colorful and lovely OLED screen is slightly smaller than the touch screen, but the player itself feels quite a bit smaller and lighter. It weighs about 2/3 as much, and is noticeably smaller in width and height, while being just a hair thicker.

  28. This is getting a bit more subjective, but I much prefer the Zune Marketplace. The interface is colorful, has more flair, and some cool features like ‘Mixview’ that let you quickly see related albums, songs, or other users related to what you’re listening to. Clicking on one of those will center on that item, and another set of “neighbors” will come into view, allowing you to navigate around exploring by similar artists, songs, or users. Speaking of users, the Zune “Social” is also great fun, letting you find others with shared tastes and becoming friends with them. You then can listen to a playlist created based on an amalgamation of what all your friends are listening to, which is also enjoyable. Those concerned with privacy will be relieved to know you can prevent the public from seeing your personal listening habits if you so choose.

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