Filosofia

Butlerofilia o l’impacte de conèixer Judith Butler

Judith_Butler_“Aviat tindré el plaer de ser la seva discussant al CCCB” Patrícia Soley-Beltran”

Judith Butler és una de les filòsofes més citades de la segona meitat del segle XX i del XXI. Formada a la sinagoga i al departament de filosofia de Yale, actualment és Catedràtica Maxine Elliot Professor al Department de Literatura comparada i al Programa de Teoria Crítica de la Universitat de Califòrnia,  Berkeley. Teòrica queer avant la lettre, Butler ha publicat extensament sobre gènere, desig, identitat, poder, teoria performativa, actes de parla, psicoanàlisi, sexualitat, feminisme, guerra i la qüestió jueva. Tot i pensar que només el llegirien unes tres-centes persones, el seu segon llibre Gender Trouble (El género en Disputa) va tenir un gran impacte tant per el que realment deia, com per el que es va malentendre. Els malentesos sobre la possibilitat de redefinir la nostra identitat de gènere a voluntat van fer pales l’extensió d’un desig d’alliberament dels mandats identitaris que va anar associat a una autèntica Butlermania. Més enllà de les modes, la Butlerofilia i la Butlerofobia, Butler ha seguit treballant sense distingir entre activisme i escriptura. Dona en una disciplina molt masculinitzada, una de les seves fites ha estat fer comprendre a un amplíssim ventall d’estudiosos que la dita ‘teoria’ en la que ella, inicialment, no es reconeixia és un pas endavant per a treure la filosofia de la seva ‘institucionalització’, com ella mateixa explica a Deshacer el género. Una bona forma d’entrar al seu pensament són les entrevistes que jo mateixa li vaig fer. Us en recomano dues:

La primera, realitzada a Madrid, parlem d’algunes coses que mai no li havien preguntat abans: “De literatura, mitos y estrellas. Entrevista a Judith Butler“, Minerva, IV época, 13, Círculo de Bellas Artes, Madrid, febrero. 2010. 43-46.

La segona, realitzada a Paris per encàrrec de Cultura/s de La Vanguardia, podeu llegir la versió curta i la llarga (la Beatriz Preciado es va apuntar a la cita i també inclou la seva veu). “Mis compromisos no son sólo feministas” Entrevista a Judith Butler, Cultura/s, La Vanguardia, 220, 2006, Barcelona, 2-5 “Abrir Posibilidades. Entrevista con Judith Butler”, Lectora, Vol. 13, (2007), España. 217-239. (junto con BeatrizPreciado).

Partint del principi que allò que és personal és polític, i també acadèmic, us vull contar com jo vaig entrar en contacte amb el pensament de na Judith Butler i la seva persona. Vaig conèixer a la Butler teòrica als inicis del meu doctorat a la Science Studies Unit de la Universitat d’Edimburg al 1996, és a dir, cinc anys després de la publicació de Gender Trouble. Llavors, el seu impacte internacional ja era enorme, però va trigar deu anys a traduir-se al castellà. Vaig dedicar la meva tesi doctoral a ‘sociologitzar’ el seu pensament de gènere, tot fent una traducció cultural de les seves idees filosòfiques ‘continentals’ a la teories sociològiques d’inspiració analítica (Transexualidad y la Matriz Heterosexual: un estudio crítico de Judith ButlerEdicions Bellaterra, Barcelona, 2009). Poc abans d’acabar la meva tesi doctoral, vaig tenir l’honor de conèixer-la en persona en una master classorganitzada per la Rosi Braidotti a Utrecht. El que més em va impactar va ser el seu sentit de l’humor que em va reconciliar amb l’acadèmia. Després de retornar al meu país i entendre que m’havia format en un entorn acadèmic i conceptual molt diferent al d’aquí, em vaig adonar que jo pertanyia a dos mons que necessitaven d’una traducció cultural. Per aquesta raó, vaig abordar l’edició d’un llibre que recull una selecció de reaccions al seu pensament des de l’àmbit hispà (Judith Butler en disputa. Lecturas sobre la performatividad, co-editora Leticia Sabsay, Egales, Barcelona, 2012). Finalment, també vaig construir ponts a l’ atrevir-me a seguir el consell de la pròpia Judith i filar autobiogràficament el meu llibre de divulgació ¡Divinas! Modelos, poder y mentiras (Premi Anagrama d’Assaig 2015, Anagrama, Barcelona).

Aviat tindré el plaer de ser la seva discussant al CCCB i, com a deixeble seva, penso obrir noves possibilitats d’interrogació de la realitat social, ja que per a mi, una de les grans aportacions del pensament ha estat aconseguir portar les preguntes de la filosofia a les Humanitats, inclosa la perspectiva de gènere (transversal i interseccional), es clar. Una assignatura pendent?

Judith Butler intervindrà en un Seminari al CCCB el dijous 5 de novembre (Entrades a la venda a partir de les 11h del matí del dia 5 a les taquilles del CCCB) i parlarà al BornCC el dilluns 9 de novembre a les 19h (entrada lliure). No us la perdeu!

Patrícia Soley-Beltran, consultora del grau d’Humanitats UOC

Estudis d’Arts i Humanitats UOC

63 comments

  1. Between me and my husband we’ve owned more MP3 players over the years than I can count, including Sansas, iRivers, iPods (classic & touch), the Ibiza Rhapsody, etc. But, the last few years I’ve settled down to one line of players. Why? Because I was happy to discover how well-designed and fun to use the underappreciated (and widely mocked) Zunes are.

  2. I’ll gear this review to 2 types of people: current Zune owners who are considering an upgrade, and people trying to decide between a Zune and an iPod. (There are other players worth considering out there, like the Sony Walkman X, but I hope this gives you enough info to make an informed decision of the Zune vs players other than the iPod line as well.)

  3. Between me and my husband we’ve owned more MP3 players over the years than I can count, including Sansas, iRivers, iPods (classic & touch), the Ibiza Rhapsody, etc. But, the last few years I’ve settled down to one line of players. Why? Because I was happy to discover how well-designed and fun to use the underappreciated (and widely mocked) Zunes are.

  4. Zune and iPod: Most people compare the Zune to the Touch, but after seeing how slim and surprisingly small and light it is, I consider it to be a rather unique hybrid that combines qualities of both the Touch and the Nano. It’s very colorful and lovely OLED screen is slightly smaller than the touch screen, but the player itself feels quite a bit smaller and lighter. It weighs about 2/3 as much, and is noticeably smaller in width and height, while being just a hair thicker.

  5. The new Zune browser is surprisingly good, but not as good as the iPod’s. It works well, but isn’t as fast as Safari, and has a clunkier interface. If you occasionally plan on using the web browser that’s not an issue, but if you’re planning to browse the web alot from your PMP then the iPod’s larger screen and better browser may be important.

  6. Sorry for the huge review, but I’m really loving the new Zune, and hope this, as well as the excellent reviews some other people have written, will help you decide if it’s the right choice for you.

  7. If you’re still on the fence: grab your favorite earphones, head down to a Best Buy and ask to plug them into a Zune then an iPod and see which one sounds better to you, and which interface makes you smile more. Then you’ll know which is right for you.

  8. Hands down, Apple’s app store wins by a mile. It’s a huge selection of all sorts of apps vs a rather sad selection of a handful for Zune. Microsoft has plans, especially in the realm of games, but I’m not sure I’d want to bet on the future if this aspect is important to you. The iPod is a much better choice in that case.

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  10. If you’re still on the fence: grab your favorite earphones, head down to a Best Buy and ask to plug them into a Zune then an iPod and see which one sounds better to you, and which interface makes you smile more. Then you’ll know which is right for you.

  11. The Zune concentrates on being a Portable Media Player. Not a web browser. Not a game machine. Maybe in the future it’ll do even better in those areas, but for now it’s a fantastic way to organize and listen to your music and videos, and is without peer in that regard. The iPod’s strengths are its web browsing and apps. If those sound more compelling, perhaps it is your best choice.

  12. Zune and iPod: Most people compare the Zune to the Touch, but after seeing how slim and surprisingly small and light it is, I consider it to be a rather unique hybrid that combines qualities of both the Touch and the Nano. It’s very colorful and lovely OLED screen is slightly smaller than the touch screen, but the player itself feels quite a bit smaller and lighter. It weighs about 2/3 as much, and is noticeably smaller in width and height, while being just a hair thicker.

  13. Hands down, Apple’s app store wins by a mile. It’s a huge selection of all sorts of apps vs a rather sad selection of a handful for Zune. Microsoft has plans, especially in the realm of games, but I’m not sure I’d want to bet on the future if this aspect is important to you. The iPod is a much better choice in that case.

  14. Hands down, Apple’s app store wins by a mile. It’s a huge selection of all sorts of apps vs a rather sad selection of a handful for Zune. Microsoft has plans, especially in the realm of games, but I’m not sure I’d want to bet on the future if this aspect is important to you. The iPod is a much better choice in that case.

  15. Apple now has Rhapsody as an app, which is a great start, but it is currently hampered by the inability to store locally on your iPod, and has a dismal 64kbps bit rate. If this changes, then it will somewhat negate this advantage for the Zune, but the 10 songs per month will still be a big plus in Zune Pass’ favor.

  16. The Zune concentrates on being a Portable Media Player. Not a web browser. Not a game machine. Maybe in the future it’ll do even better in those areas, but for now it’s a fantastic way to organize and listen to your music and videos, and is without peer in that regard. The iPod’s strengths are its web browsing and apps. If those sound more compelling, perhaps it is your best choice.

  17. I’ll gear this review to 2 types of people: current Zune owners who are considering an upgrade, and people trying to decide between a Zune and an iPod. (There are other players worth considering out there, like the Sony Walkman X, but I hope this gives you enough info to make an informed decision of the Zune vs players other than the iPod line as well.)

  18. I’ll gear this review to 2 types of people: current Zune owners who are considering an upgrade, and people trying to decide between a Zune and an iPod. (There are other players worth considering out there, like the Sony Walkman X, but I hope this gives you enough info to make an informed decision of the Zune vs players other than the iPod line as well.)

  19. Between me and my husband we’ve owned more MP3 players over the years than I can count, including Sansas, iRivers, iPods (classic & touch), the Ibiza Rhapsody, etc. But, the last few years I’ve settled down to one line of players. Why? Because I was happy to discover how well-designed and fun to use the underappreciated (and widely mocked) Zunes are.

  20. I’ll gear this review to 2 types of people: current Zune owners who are considering an upgrade, and people trying to decide between a Zune and an iPod. (There are other players worth considering out there, like the Sony Walkman X, but I hope this gives you enough info to make an informed decision of the Zune vs players other than the iPod line as well.)

  21. If you’re still on the fence: grab your favorite earphones, head down to a Best Buy and ask to plug them into a Zune then an iPod and see which one sounds better to you, and which interface makes you smile more. Then you’ll know which is right for you.

  22. You can definitely see your enthusiasm within the work you write. The world hopes for even more passionate writers like you who are not afraid to say how they believe. Always go after your heart.

  23. Between me and my husband we’ve owned more MP3 players over the years than I can count, including Sansas, iRivers, iPods (classic & touch), the Ibiza Rhapsody, etc. But, the last few years I’ve settled down to one line of players. Why? Because I was happy to discover how well-designed and fun to use the underappreciated (and widely mocked) Zunes are.

  24. The Zune concentrates on being a Portable Media Player. Not a web browser. Not a game machine. Maybe in the future it’ll do even better in those areas, but for now it’s a fantastic way to organize and listen to your music and videos, and is without peer in that regard. The iPod’s strengths are its web browsing and apps. If those sound more compelling, perhaps it is your best choice.

  25. The new Zune browser is surprisingly good, but not as good as the iPod’s. It works well, but isn’t as fast as Safari, and has a clunkier interface. If you occasionally plan on using the web browser that’s not an issue, but if you’re planning to browse the web alot from your PMP then the iPod’s larger screen and better browser may be important.

  26. I’ll gear this review to 2 types of people: current Zune owners who are considering an upgrade, and people trying to decide between a Zune and an iPod. (There are other players worth considering out there, like the Sony Walkman X, but I hope this gives you enough info to make an informed decision of the Zune vs players other than the iPod line as well.)

  27. Between me and my husband we’ve owned more MP3 players over the years than I can count, including Sansas, iRivers, iPods (classic & touch), the Ibiza Rhapsody, etc. But, the last few years I’ve settled down to one line of players. Why? Because I was happy to discover how well-designed and fun to use the underappreciated (and widely mocked) Zunes are.

  28. Zune and iPod: Most people compare the Zune to the Touch, but after seeing how slim and surprisingly small and light it is, I consider it to be a rather unique hybrid that combines qualities of both the Touch and the Nano. It’s very colorful and lovely OLED screen is slightly smaller than the touch screen, but the player itself feels quite a bit smaller and lighter. It weighs about 2/3 as much, and is noticeably smaller in width and height, while being just a hair thicker.

  29. The Zune concentrates on being a Portable Media Player. Not a web browser. Not a game machine. Maybe in the future it’ll do even better in those areas, but for now it’s a fantastic way to organize and listen to your music and videos, and is without peer in that regard. The iPod’s strengths are its web browsing and apps. If those sound more compelling, perhaps it is your best choice.

  30. If you’re still on the fence: grab your favorite earphones, head down to a Best Buy and ask to plug them into a Zune then an iPod and see which one sounds better to you, and which interface makes you smile more. Then you’ll know which is right for you.

  31. Between me and my husband we’ve owned more MP3 players over the years than I can count, including Sansas, iRivers, iPods (classic & touch), the Ibiza Rhapsody, etc. But, the last few years I’ve settled down to one line of players. Why? Because I was happy to discover how well-designed and fun to use the underappreciated (and widely mocked) Zunes are.

  32. The new Zune browser is surprisingly good, but not as good as the iPod’s. It works well, but isn’t as fast as Safari, and has a clunkier interface. If you occasionally plan on using the web browser that’s not an issue, but if you’re planning to browse the web alot from your PMP then the iPod’s larger screen and better browser may be important.

  33. I should say also believe that mesothelioma cancer is a uncommon form of cancers that is generally found in these previously familiar with asbestos. Cancerous tissues form while in the mesothelium, which is a protective lining which covers a lot of the body’s internal organs. These cells usually form in the lining from the lungs, belly, or the sac which actually encircles one’s heart. Thanks for revealing your ideas.

  34. Zune and iPod: Most people compare the Zune to the Touch, but after seeing how slim and surprisingly small and light it is, I consider it to be a rather unique hybrid that combines qualities of both the Touch and the Nano. It’s very colorful and lovely OLED screen is slightly smaller than the touch screen, but the player itself feels quite a bit smaller and lighter. It weighs about 2/3 as much, and is noticeably smaller in width and height, while being just a hair thicker.

  35. If you’re still on the fence: grab your favorite earphones, head down to a Best Buy and ask to plug them into a Zune then an iPod and see which one sounds better to you, and which interface makes you smile more. Then you’ll know which is right for you.

  36. Also I believe that mesothelioma cancer is a uncommon form of most cancers that is normally found in these previously exposed to asbestos. Cancerous cellular material form within the mesothelium, which is a protective lining that covers the majority of the body’s bodily organs. These cells commonly form from the lining from the lungs, mid-section, or the sac that encircles the heart. Thanks for discussing your ideas.

  37. If you’re still on the fence: grab your favorite earphones, head down to a Best Buy and ask to plug them into a Zune then an iPod and see which one sounds better to you, and which interface makes you smile more. Then you’ll know which is right for you.

  38. Zune and iPod: Most people compare the Zune to the Touch, but after seeing how slim and surprisingly small and light it is, I consider it to be a rather unique hybrid that combines qualities of both the Touch and the Nano. It’s very colorful and lovely OLED screen is slightly smaller than the touch screen, but the player itself feels quite a bit smaller and lighter. It weighs about 2/3 as much, and is noticeably smaller in width and height, while being just a hair thicker.

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  40. Between me and my husband we’ve owned more MP3 players over the years than I can count, including Sansas, iRivers, iPods (classic & touch), the Ibiza Rhapsody, etc. But, the last few years I’ve settled down to one line of players. Why? Because I was happy to discover how well-designed and fun to use the underappreciated (and widely mocked) Zunes are.

  41. The Zune concentrates on being a Portable Media Player. Not a web browser. Not a game machine. Maybe in the future it’ll do even better in those areas, but for now it’s a fantastic way to organize and listen to your music and videos, and is without peer in that regard. The iPod’s strengths are its web browsing and apps. If those sound more compelling, perhaps it is your best choice.

  42. I’ll gear this review to 2 types of people: current Zune owners who are considering an upgrade, and people trying to decide between a Zune and an iPod. (There are other players worth considering out there, like the Sony Walkman X, but I hope this gives you enough info to make an informed decision of the Zune vs players other than the iPod line as well.)

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