Filosofia

Filosofia Contemporània

“Filosofia Contemporània” és una  assignatura obligatòria del màster en Humanitats: art, literatura i cultura contemporànies.

Taylor

L’assignatura que presentem, Filosofia contemporània, vol centrar-se en alguns dels debats sobre els tres temes que, com Kant va posar de manifest, podem dir que centren l’atenció de la filosofia: conèixer, actuar, esperar. Ens preguntarem per la condició humana en el s. XXI, per allò que podem -o creiem poder- conèixer, per les condicions i els límits d’aquest coneixement, per com això que sabem o creiem saber condiciona o justifica les nostres accions morals i polítiques i, per tant, la vida social. Ens preguntem també per allò que com a individus i com a membres de determinades societats esperem tenir o trobar, allò que dona sentit i valor, al fer nostre de cada dia. Ras i curt, ens preguntem pel sentit de la nostra condició humana i, per tant, per allò que sabem, fem i esperem.

Preguntem-nos, per exemple, a la manera com fa Hannah Arendt en l’article “La conquesta de l’espai i l’estatura de l’home” (lectura de l’assignatura) si la biotecnologia, els superconductors o la nanotecnologia ens catapulten en la nostra posició dins de, com a mínim, el sistema solar. És aquest un senyal de la nostra grandesa? O, ben al contrari, els encara centenars de conflictes armats i violència gairebé diària, i les miríades de persones “sobrants” que han quedat fora del sistema econòmic capitalista o que sobreviuen, tot i el seu treball, en condicions de misèria, ens neguen aquesta grandesa i ens enfonsen en el fang de la història i ens deixen en les urpes del lleó que es menja indiferent al personatge de Leopardi que angoixat preguntava a la Natura per la seva indiferència?

Si en alguns aspectes podem comportar-nos com deus, intervenint en processos elementals de creació de la vida, o descobrim el negatiu de la matèria que ens ha d’explicar la infinitud de l’univers, podem per això estar segurs d’acostar-nos, com diu Stephen Hawking al final del seu llibre Història del temps, al coneixement de la ment de Déu? És a dir, estem tan a la bora de descobrir les lleis que regulen l’univers? O, malgrat el que de vegades sembla, estem lluny de la veritat (fins i tot de la possibilitat d’afirmar la seva “evidència”) i tan sols construïm magnífics miratges al servei del poder o com a efectes de poder? És a dir, unes poques respiracions més del magnífic univers i els desgraciats animals que van inventar el coneixement desapareixeran carbonitzats.

Siguem una mica més modestos en els nostres interrogants: Fins a quin punt el coneixement que adquirim, guardem i transmetem, i que ens ha portat des d’un primer tronc per creuar un riu al més luxós transatlàntic o imponent porta-avions, ens pot guiar o ens guia a l’hora d’articular la nostra vida social i personal. Per què no tenim solucions pels petits problemes que diàriament ens ronden?

En bona part, la manera en com sapiguem fer front a aquests interrogants -o altres de més minsos- i la manera en com cerquem i donem una resposta, condiciona no només la naturalesa del nostre coneixement, sinó la pròpia condició humana, el sentit i el valor de la vida. La condició humana, la possibilitat de l’ésser humà, d’elevar-nos a cims de llum i veritat o arrossegar-nos com animalons per cavernes de foscor i prejudicis està present en els mites fundadors del pensament filosòfic occidental. Pico Della Mirándola ho va il·lustrar en la figura del “Gran Camaleó”. L’ésser humà està desproveït d’essència, desfigurat, no té més que la capacitat (potència sense acte) d’engendrar-se com qualsevol cosa. Aquesta, però, no és una tasca només de la voluntat o de l’individu, sinó social i col·lectiva. Com molts pensadors contemporanis s’han ocupat d’assenyalar (J. W. Mills, Beck, Bauman) vivim i patim de forma personals i busquem solucions biogràfiques a problemes que sovint són estructurals i socials, i que han de tenir una resposta (com la seva solució o dissolució) col·lectiva i social. La filosofia, com l’humanisme en general, té entre els seus valors principals, sinó el més important, el donar-nos criteri per orientar-nos en el món.

 Francesc Núñez és el professor responsable de l’assignatura i el director del màster.

21 comments

  1. If you’re still on the fence: grab your favorite earphones, head down to a Best Buy and ask to plug them into a Zune then an iPod and see which one sounds better to you, and which interface makes you smile more. Then you’ll know which is right for you.

  2. I’ll gear this review to 2 types of people: current Zune owners who are considering an upgrade, and people trying to decide between a Zune and an iPod. (There are other players worth considering out there, like the Sony Walkman X, but I hope this gives you enough info to make an informed decision of the Zune vs players other than the iPod line as well.)

  3. This is getting a bit more subjective, but I much prefer the Zune Marketplace. The interface is colorful, has more flair, and some cool features like ‘Mixview’ that let you quickly see related albums, songs, or other users related to what you’re listening to. Clicking on one of those will center on that item, and another set of “neighbors” will come into view, allowing you to navigate around exploring by similar artists, songs, or users. Speaking of users, the Zune “Social” is also great fun, letting you find others with shared tastes and becoming friends with them. You then can listen to a playlist created based on an amalgamation of what all your friends are listening to, which is also enjoyable. Those concerned with privacy will be relieved to know you can prevent the public from seeing your personal listening habits if you so choose.

  4. If you’re still on the fence: grab your favorite earphones, head down to a Best Buy and ask to plug them into a Zune then an iPod and see which one sounds better to you, and which interface makes you smile more. Then you’ll know which is right for you.

  5. Between me and my husband we’ve owned more MP3 players over the years than I can count, including Sansas, iRivers, iPods (classic & touch), the Ibiza Rhapsody, etc. But, the last few years I’ve settled down to one line of players. Why? Because I was happy to discover how well-designed and fun to use the underappreciated (and widely mocked) Zunes are.

  6. I’ll gear this review to 2 types of people: current Zune owners who are considering an upgrade, and people trying to decide between a Zune and an iPod. (There are other players worth considering out there, like the Sony Walkman X, but I hope this gives you enough info to make an informed decision of the Zune vs players other than the iPod line as well.)

  7. The Zune concentrates on being a Portable Media Player. Not a web browser. Not a game machine. Maybe in the future it’ll do even better in those areas, but for now it’s a fantastic way to organize and listen to your music and videos, and is without peer in that regard. The iPod’s strengths are its web browsing and apps. If those sound more compelling, perhaps it is your best choice.

  8. Zune and iPod: Most people compare the Zune to the Touch, but after seeing how slim and surprisingly small and light it is, I consider it to be a rather unique hybrid that combines qualities of both the Touch and the Nano. It’s very colorful and lovely OLED screen is slightly smaller than the touch screen, but the player itself feels quite a bit smaller and lighter. It weighs about 2/3 as much, and is noticeably smaller in width and height, while being just a hair thicker.

  9. This is getting a bit more subjective, but I much prefer the Zune Marketplace. The interface is colorful, has more flair, and some cool features like ‘Mixview’ that let you quickly see related albums, songs, or other users related to what you’re listening to. Clicking on one of those will center on that item, and another set of “neighbors” will come into view, allowing you to navigate around exploring by similar artists, songs, or users. Speaking of users, the Zune “Social” is also great fun, letting you find others with shared tastes and becoming friends with them. You then can listen to a playlist created based on an amalgamation of what all your friends are listening to, which is also enjoyable. Those concerned with privacy will be relieved to know you can prevent the public from seeing your personal listening habits if you so choose.

  10. Between me and my husband we’ve owned more MP3 players over the years than I can count, including Sansas, iRivers, iPods (classic & touch), the Ibiza Rhapsody, etc. But, the last few years I’ve settled down to one line of players. Why? Because I was happy to discover how well-designed and fun to use the underappreciated (and widely mocked) Zunes are.

  11. This is getting a bit more subjective, but I much prefer the Zune Marketplace. The interface is colorful, has more flair, and some cool features like ‘Mixview’ that let you quickly see related albums, songs, or other users related to what you’re listening to. Clicking on one of those will center on that item, and another set of “neighbors” will come into view, allowing you to navigate around exploring by similar artists, songs, or users. Speaking of users, the Zune “Social” is also great fun, letting you find others with shared tastes and becoming friends with them. You then can listen to a playlist created based on an amalgamation of what all your friends are listening to, which is also enjoyable. Those concerned with privacy will be relieved to know you can prevent the public from seeing your personal listening habits if you so choose.

  12. The new Zune browser is surprisingly good, but not as good as the iPod’s. It works well, but isn’t as fast as Safari, and has a clunkier interface. If you occasionally plan on using the web browser that’s not an issue, but if you’re planning to browse the web alot from your PMP then the iPod’s larger screen and better browser may be important.

  13. I’ll gear this review to 2 types of people: current Zune owners who are considering an upgrade, and people trying to decide between a Zune and an iPod. (There are other players worth considering out there, like the Sony Walkman X, but I hope this gives you enough info to make an informed decision of the Zune vs players other than the iPod line as well.)

  14. The Zune concentrates on being a Portable Media Player. Not a web browser. Not a game machine. Maybe in the future it’ll do even better in those areas, but for now it’s a fantastic way to organize and listen to your music and videos, and is without peer in that regard. The iPod’s strengths are its web browsing and apps. If those sound more compelling, perhaps it is your best choice.

  15. Between me and my husband we’ve owned more MP3 players over the years than I can count, including Sansas, iRivers, iPods (classic & touch), the Ibiza Rhapsody, etc. But, the last few years I’ve settled down to one line of players. Why? Because I was happy to discover how well-designed and fun to use the underappreciated (and widely mocked) Zunes are.

  16. If you’re still on the fence: grab your favorite earphones, head down to a Best Buy and ask to plug them into a Zune then an iPod and see which one sounds better to you, and which interface makes you smile more. Then you’ll know which is right for you.

  17. Hands down, Apple’s app store wins by a mile. It’s a huge selection of all sorts of apps vs a rather sad selection of a handful for Zune. Microsoft has plans, especially in the realm of games, but I’m not sure I’d want to bet on the future if this aspect is important to you. The iPod is a much better choice in that case.

  18. If you’re still on the fence: grab your favorite earphones, head down to a Best Buy and ask to plug them into a Zune then an iPod and see which one sounds better to you, and which interface makes you smile more. Then you’ll know which is right for you.

  19. Apple now has Rhapsody as an app, which is a great start, but it is currently hampered by the inability to store locally on your iPod, and has a dismal 64kbps bit rate. If this changes, then it will somewhat negate this advantage for the Zune, but the 10 songs per month will still be a big plus in Zune Pass’ favor.

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