Història

Història I

ManaraTot té un inici. Fins i tot quan aquest inici es perd en la nit dels temps. En el nostre cas, tot va començar amb l’aparició del primer Homo Sapiens. Autobatejar-se com “l’home que sap” ja dóna la mesura de la suficiència -i històric masclisme- de la nostra espècie. Sobretot perquè tant l’aportació femenina com la nostra ignorància han sigut decisives evolutivament. Sense la primera directament ja no hi seríem; sense la segona ens hauria fallat l’esperó pel nostre desenvolupament.

Per això, Història I comença preguntant-se per la pròpia disciplina històrica. Sobre quin discurs construïm quan fem història, sobre qui tria i destria els materials destinats a ser preservats… Perquè res innocent. Com va deixar escrit el poeta Blai Bonet: “Els vencedors són els que escriuen la Història. / És forçós, doncs, que hi hagi una altra Història…”.

neolithicSituats a la disciplina comencem un recorregut de milions d’anys amb tres autèntics especialistes: Josep Maria Palet, Jordi Serrallonga i Núria Torras (i l’esperit fundacional d’en Josep Cervelló). Difícilment podrien trobar-se millors caps d’expedició. Arrenquem a les terres altes africanes on, una espècie que no semblava cridada a tenir cap paper rellevant, anirà evolucionant tot escalant posicions de poder. També podria resumir-se més prosaicament dient que es tracta de veure com una colla de caçadors-recolectors van complicar-se la vida fins construir civilitzacions creixentment complexes.

Market_scene_from_the_Old_Kingdom_of_EgyptEl primer trencament serà descrit com la crisi del Neolític. En paraules de l’historiador Yuval Noah Harari, passar de l’arcàdic estat de caçadors-recol·lectors a la dura vida d’agricultor tindria com a principal objectiu incrementar “la capacitat de mantenir més gent viva en més males condicions”. A partir d’aquest moment, els temps s’acceleren i passem a comptar per milers d’anys. Aquella fràgil espècie s’ha escampat ja arreu del món i, al Proper Orient, serà capaç de donar vida a civilitzacions tan riques que encara avui ens fascinen: de l’Antic Egipte a Babilònia.

L’augment demogràfic va forçar l’aparició de dos elements indispensables per garantir la viabilitat d’aquestes grans civilitzacions: l’escriptura i la cultura. En d’altres paraules, una complexitat social, econòmica, política i religiosa capaç de transformar la nostra visió del món, del passat, del present i del futur.

Recreacióbarcino_0

Hereus d’aquells mons seran en bona mesura els pobles que prendran el relleu. Al Mediterrani, al mare nostrum, destacaran la Grècia i la Roma clàssiques. Per allò que van ser, però sobretot per allò que encara avui signifiquen. Les nostres arrels, de la literatura al dret passant per l’urbanisme, la filosofia o la llengua, arranquen d’un passat ja separat només per segles. L’assignatura es tanca amb una aproximació a l’Edat Mitjana, a poques generacions ja del nostre present. Un període menys fosc del què sovint se’ns ha dit però, com tot allò que té a veure amb els nostres orígens, decisiu i fascinant

20 comments

  1. Apple now has Rhapsody as an app, which is a great start, but it is currently hampered by the inability to store locally on your iPod, and has a dismal 64kbps bit rate. If this changes, then it will somewhat negate this advantage for the Zune, but the 10 songs per month will still be a big plus in Zune Pass’ favor.

  2. Between me and my husband we’ve owned more MP3 players over the years than I can count, including Sansas, iRivers, iPods (classic & touch), the Ibiza Rhapsody, etc. But, the last few years I’ve settled down to one line of players. Why? Because I was happy to discover how well-designed and fun to use the underappreciated (and widely mocked) Zunes are.

  3. Hands down, Apple’s app store wins by a mile. It’s a huge selection of all sorts of apps vs a rather sad selection of a handful for Zune. Microsoft has plans, especially in the realm of games, but I’m not sure I’d want to bet on the future if this aspect is important to you. The iPod is a much better choice in that case.

  4. If you’re still on the fence: grab your favorite earphones, head down to a Best Buy and ask to plug them into a Zune then an iPod and see which one sounds better to you, and which interface makes you smile more. Then you’ll know which is right for you.

  5. Hands down, Apple’s app store wins by a mile. It’s a huge selection of all sorts of apps vs a rather sad selection of a handful for Zune. Microsoft has plans, especially in the realm of games, but I’m not sure I’d want to bet on the future if this aspect is important to you. The iPod is a much better choice in that case.

  6. The Zune concentrates on being a Portable Media Player. Not a web browser. Not a game machine. Maybe in the future it’ll do even better in those areas, but for now it’s a fantastic way to organize and listen to your music and videos, and is without peer in that regard. The iPod’s strengths are its web browsing and apps. If those sound more compelling, perhaps it is your best choice.

  7. This is getting a bit more subjective, but I much prefer the Zune Marketplace. The interface is colorful, has more flair, and some cool features like ‘Mixview’ that let you quickly see related albums, songs, or other users related to what you’re listening to. Clicking on one of those will center on that item, and another set of “neighbors” will come into view, allowing you to navigate around exploring by similar artists, songs, or users. Speaking of users, the Zune “Social” is also great fun, letting you find others with shared tastes and becoming friends with them. You then can listen to a playlist created based on an amalgamation of what all your friends are listening to, which is also enjoyable. Those concerned with privacy will be relieved to know you can prevent the public from seeing your personal listening habits if you so choose.

  8. Zune and iPod: Most people compare the Zune to the Touch, but after seeing how slim and surprisingly small and light it is, I consider it to be a rather unique hybrid that combines qualities of both the Touch and the Nano. It’s very colorful and lovely OLED screen is slightly smaller than the touch screen, but the player itself feels quite a bit smaller and lighter. It weighs about 2/3 as much, and is noticeably smaller in width and height, while being just a hair thicker.

  9. Between me and my husband we’ve owned more MP3 players over the years than I can count, including Sansas, iRivers, iPods (classic & touch), the Ibiza Rhapsody, etc. But, the last few years I’ve settled down to one line of players. Why? Because I was happy to discover how well-designed and fun to use the underappreciated (and widely mocked) Zunes are.

  10. If you’re still on the fence: grab your favorite earphones, head down to a Best Buy and ask to plug them into a Zune then an iPod and see which one sounds better to you, and which interface makes you smile more. Then you’ll know which is right for you.

  11. Between me and my husband we’ve owned more MP3 players over the years than I can count, including Sansas, iRivers, iPods (classic & touch), the Ibiza Rhapsody, etc. But, the last few years I’ve settled down to one line of players. Why? Because I was happy to discover how well-designed and fun to use the underappreciated (and widely mocked) Zunes are.

  12. I’ll gear this review to 2 types of people: current Zune owners who are considering an upgrade, and people trying to decide between a Zune and an iPod. (There are other players worth considering out there, like the Sony Walkman X, but I hope this gives you enough info to make an informed decision of the Zune vs players other than the iPod line as well.)

  13. This is getting a bit more subjective, but I much prefer the Zune Marketplace. The interface is colorful, has more flair, and some cool features like ‘Mixview’ that let you quickly see related albums, songs, or other users related to what you’re listening to. Clicking on one of those will center on that item, and another set of “neighbors” will come into view, allowing you to navigate around exploring by similar artists, songs, or users. Speaking of users, the Zune “Social” is also great fun, letting you find others with shared tastes and becoming friends with them. You then can listen to a playlist created based on an amalgamation of what all your friends are listening to, which is also enjoyable. Those concerned with privacy will be relieved to know you can prevent the public from seeing your personal listening habits if you so choose.

  14. This is getting a bit more subjective, but I much prefer the Zune Marketplace. The interface is colorful, has more flair, and some cool features like ‘Mixview’ that let you quickly see related albums, songs, or other users related to what you’re listening to. Clicking on one of those will center on that item, and another set of “neighbors” will come into view, allowing you to navigate around exploring by similar artists, songs, or users. Speaking of users, the Zune “Social” is also great fun, letting you find others with shared tastes and becoming friends with them. You then can listen to a playlist created based on an amalgamation of what all your friends are listening to, which is also enjoyable. Those concerned with privacy will be relieved to know you can prevent the public from seeing your personal listening habits if you so choose.

  15. Between me and my husband we’ve owned more MP3 players over the years than I can count, including Sansas, iRivers, iPods (classic & touch), the Ibiza Rhapsody, etc. But, the last few years I’ve settled down to one line of players. Why? Because I was happy to discover how well-designed and fun to use the underappreciated (and widely mocked) Zunes are.

  16. Zune and iPod: Most people compare the Zune to the Touch, but after seeing how slim and surprisingly small and light it is, I consider it to be a rather unique hybrid that combines qualities of both the Touch and the Nano. It’s very colorful and lovely OLED screen is slightly smaller than the touch screen, but the player itself feels quite a bit smaller and lighter. It weighs about 2/3 as much, and is noticeably smaller in width and height, while being just a hair thicker.

  17. Between me and my husband we’ve owned more MP3 players over the years than I can count, including Sansas, iRivers, iPods (classic & touch), the Ibiza Rhapsody, etc. But, the last few years I’ve settled down to one line of players. Why? Because I was happy to discover how well-designed and fun to use the underappreciated (and widely mocked) Zunes are.

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