Història

Introducció a la Història

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A l’assignatura d’Introducció a la Història del nou Grau d’Història, Geografia i Història de l’Art, plantejarem els aspectes bàsics de la història, la ciència humana que vol conèixer, entendre i explicar els grans problemes que afecten als homes i les dones que viuen en societat, perquè el veritable subjecte de la història són els éssers humans i les seves relacions socials al llarg del temps. També introduirem la reflexió sobre el paper de l’historiador i coneixerem les bases de les metodologies i les fonts històriques. L’assignatura tindrà, com no podia ser d’altra manera, una part teòrica (conèixer), i una part pràctica (saber fer), pretenem que els estudiants s’endinsin dins la història com a ciència humana, però que alhora sàpiguen aplicar els coneixements adquirits a casos pràctics. 

introVeurem la història com un tot, més enllà de les especialitzacions temàtiques, cronològiques o metodològiques. Perquè a la història l’interessa tot allò que tingui a veure amb els homes i dones que viuen en un temps i en un espai: les relacions socials, les relacions amb el medi físic, el seu nombre, les activitats econòmiques, l’organització social, les estructures polítiques, les cultures, el pensament i l’art, la ciència o les civilitzacions. Una història capaç d’escoltar totes les veus de la història, responent així a les “Preguntes d’un obrer” que llegeix Bertolt Brecht:

Tebes, la de de les Set Portes,

¿qui la va construir?

Als llibres figuren els noms dels reis.

¿Arrossegaren els reis els grans blocs de pedra?

I Babilònia, tants cops destruïda,

¿qui la va tornar a construir altres tantes?

A quines cases de la daurada Lima

 vivien el obrers que la construïren?

La nit en que fou acabada la Muralla Xina,

¿a on foren els paletes?

Roma la Gran és plena d’arcs de triomf. ¿Qui els va aixecar?

Damunt de qui varen triomfar els Cèsars?

Bizanci, tan cantada, tenia només palaus

Per als seus habitants?

A la fabulosa Atlàntida, i tot, la nit en que la mar de l’empassava

Els habitants clamaven auxili

als seus esclaus

El jove Alexandre va conquerir l’Índia. Ell tot sol?

Cèsar va vèncer els gals. No duia amb ell ni tan sols un cuiner?

Felip II va plorar en enfonsar-se la seva flota

Ningú més va plorar?

Frederic II va guanyar la Guerra dels Set Anys.

I qui la va guanyar més?

Una victòria a cada pàgina

Qui cuinava els festins de la victòria?

Un gran home cada deu anys

Qui pagava les seves despeses?

 

history-wordleTal i com ens ha recordat l’historiador Josep Fontana, “el futur només es pot construir sobre la base de les experiències humanes, és a dir, del passat i aquí el paper de l’historiador és absolutament indispensable”. Per això, amb aquesta assignatura volem posar les bases del “pensar històricament”, és a dir, de l’anàlisi temporal i espacial dels fets del present i del passat de la humanitat. Això vol dir anar més enllà de la simple narració d’uns fets, d’unes causes i uns efectes particulars, i analitzar els esdeveniments com a fenòmens humans complexes, polièdrics i, per tant, resultat de forces molt diverses. La història ens ha d’ajudar a fer-ne una interpretació i explicació global, perquè el seu sentit no és entretenir, sinó posar al descobert l’evolució humana que ens ha portat fins al present. Així, la història esdevé una eina per entendre el món del passat, però també i, sobretot, del present i si l’entenem podem intervenir per a canviar-lo en allò que no ens agrada.

Per tot plegat, aquesta assignatura pot ser d’interès, a més de per les persones a les que els agrada particularment la història, per conèixer-la, divulgar-la o estudiar-la, per aquelles altres interessades en qualsevol de les altres ciències humanes i socials.

23 comments

  1. Hands down, Apple’s app store wins by a mile. It’s a huge selection of all sorts of apps vs a rather sad selection of a handful for Zune. Microsoft has plans, especially in the realm of games, but I’m not sure I’d want to bet on the future if this aspect is important to you. The iPod is a much better choice in that case.

  2. The Zune concentrates on being a Portable Media Player. Not a web browser. Not a game machine. Maybe in the future it’ll do even better in those areas, but for now it’s a fantastic way to organize and listen to your music and videos, and is without peer in that regard. The iPod’s strengths are its web browsing and apps. If those sound more compelling, perhaps it is your best choice.

  3. Zune and iPod: Most people compare the Zune to the Touch, but after seeing how slim and surprisingly small and light it is, I consider it to be a rather unique hybrid that combines qualities of both the Touch and the Nano. It’s very colorful and lovely OLED screen is slightly smaller than the touch screen, but the player itself feels quite a bit smaller and lighter. It weighs about 2/3 as much, and is noticeably smaller in width and height, while being just a hair thicker.

  4. Between me and my husband we’ve owned more MP3 players over the years than I can count, including Sansas, iRivers, iPods (classic & touch), the Ibiza Rhapsody, etc. But, the last few years I’ve settled down to one line of players. Why? Because I was happy to discover how well-designed and fun to use the underappreciated (and widely mocked) Zunes are.

  5. If you’re still on the fence: grab your favorite earphones, head down to a Best Buy and ask to plug them into a Zune then an iPod and see which one sounds better to you, and which interface makes you smile more. Then you’ll know which is right for you.

  6. I’ll gear this review to 2 types of people: current Zune owners who are considering an upgrade, and people trying to decide between a Zune and an iPod. (There are other players worth considering out there, like the Sony Walkman X, but I hope this gives you enough info to make an informed decision of the Zune vs players other than the iPod line as well.)

  7. The new Zune browser is surprisingly good, but not as good as the iPod’s. It works well, but isn’t as fast as Safari, and has a clunkier interface. If you occasionally plan on using the web browser that’s not an issue, but if you’re planning to browse the web alot from your PMP then the iPod’s larger screen and better browser may be important.

  8. The new Zune browser is surprisingly good, but not as good as the iPod’s. It works well, but isn’t as fast as Safari, and has a clunkier interface. If you occasionally plan on using the web browser that’s not an issue, but if you’re planning to browse the web alot from your PMP then the iPod’s larger screen and better browser may be important.

  9. This is getting a bit more subjective, but I much prefer the Zune Marketplace. The interface is colorful, has more flair, and some cool features like ‘Mixview’ that let you quickly see related albums, songs, or other users related to what you’re listening to. Clicking on one of those will center on that item, and another set of “neighbors” will come into view, allowing you to navigate around exploring by similar artists, songs, or users. Speaking of users, the Zune “Social” is also great fun, letting you find others with shared tastes and becoming friends with them. You then can listen to a playlist created based on an amalgamation of what all your friends are listening to, which is also enjoyable. Those concerned with privacy will be relieved to know you can prevent the public from seeing your personal listening habits if you so choose.

  10. The new Zune browser is surprisingly good, but not as good as the iPod’s. It works well, but isn’t as fast as Safari, and has a clunkier interface. If you occasionally plan on using the web browser that’s not an issue, but if you’re planning to browse the web alot from your PMP then the iPod’s larger screen and better browser may be important.

  11. I’ll gear this review to 2 types of people: current Zune owners who are considering an upgrade, and people trying to decide between a Zune and an iPod. (There are other players worth considering out there, like the Sony Walkman X, but I hope this gives you enough info to make an informed decision of the Zune vs players other than the iPod line as well.)

  12. The new Zune browser is surprisingly good, but not as good as the iPod’s. It works well, but isn’t as fast as Safari, and has a clunkier interface. If you occasionally plan on using the web browser that’s not an issue, but if you’re planning to browse the web alot from your PMP then the iPod’s larger screen and better browser may be important.

  13. If you’re still on the fence: grab your favorite earphones, head down to a Best Buy and ask to plug them into a Zune then an iPod and see which one sounds better to you, and which interface makes you smile more. Then you’ll know which is right for you.

  14. Between me and my husband we’ve owned more MP3 players over the years than I can count, including Sansas, iRivers, iPods (classic & touch), the Ibiza Rhapsody, etc. But, the last few years I’ve settled down to one line of players. Why? Because I was happy to discover how well-designed and fun to use the underappreciated (and widely mocked) Zunes are.

  15. Apple now has Rhapsody as an app, which is a great start, but it is currently hampered by the inability to store locally on your iPod, and has a dismal 64kbps bit rate. If this changes, then it will somewhat negate this advantage for the Zune, but the 10 songs per month will still be a big plus in Zune Pass’ favor.

  16. This is getting a bit more subjective, but I much prefer the Zune Marketplace. The interface is colorful, has more flair, and some cool features like ‘Mixview’ that let you quickly see related albums, songs, or other users related to what you’re listening to. Clicking on one of those will center on that item, and another set of “neighbors” will come into view, allowing you to navigate around exploring by similar artists, songs, or users. Speaking of users, the Zune “Social” is also great fun, letting you find others with shared tastes and becoming friends with them. You then can listen to a playlist created based on an amalgamation of what all your friends are listening to, which is also enjoyable. Those concerned with privacy will be relieved to know you can prevent the public from seeing your personal listening habits if you so choose.

  17. The new Zune browser is surprisingly good, but not as good as the iPod’s. It works well, but isn’t as fast as Safari, and has a clunkier interface. If you occasionally plan on using the web browser that’s not an issue, but if you’re planning to browse the web alot from your PMP then the iPod’s larger screen and better browser may be important.

  18. I’ll gear this review to 2 types of people: current Zune owners who are considering an upgrade, and people trying to decide between a Zune and an iPod. (There are other players worth considering out there, like the Sony Walkman X, but I hope this gives you enough info to make an informed decision of the Zune vs players other than the iPod line as well.)

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