Història

CARL E. SCHORSKE, UN SEGLE D’HISTORIADOR

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El passat diumenge 13 de setembre moria als cent anys l’historiador Carl E. Schorske. Despareixia així un dels historiadors de la cultura més rellevants del segle XX i un dels grans especialistes en l’Europa a cavall dels segles XIX i XX, capaç de fascinar a generacions d’especialistes i no especialistes. Alguns investigadors aconsegueixen la identificació completa amb els seus objectes d’estudi. Aquest és el cas de Schorske, doncs el seu nom està estretament lligat a la recerca sobre la Viena de final de segle. De fet, la seva obra més coneguda i citada porta per títol precisament Viena. Fin de Siglo (en castellà va ser publicada per Gustavo Gili, Barcelona, 1981; i recuperada recentment a Siglo XXI, Madrid, 2011). La seva publicació va ser tot un esdeveniment dins dels estudis d’història intel·lectual. Va rebre el Premi Pulitzer al millor llibre de no-ficció el 1981 i el va fer mereixedor, aquell mateix any, del premi del Programa MacArthur Fellows; i, posteriorment, el 2004 i el 2007, se li van concedir, respectivament, els prestigiosos guardons Ludwig Wittgenstein i Victor Adler i, el 2012, la ciutat de Viena el va nomenar ciutadà honorífic.

Carl-Schorske-que-Barcelona-no_ARAIMA20141220_0026_16Schorske va néixer a la ciutat de Nova York el 1915. Fill d’una família culta, d’orígens alemanys (el seu pare) i jueus (la seva mare), va estudiar a Columbia i va doctorar-se a Harvard. Durant la Segona Guerra Mundial va treballar a l’Oficia de Serveis Estratègics –la precursora de la CIA— com a cap de la intel·ligència política per Europa occidental. Del llegat familiar i de la seva experiència durant el conflicte bèl·lic sorgeix la seva fascinació per aquella Viena desapareguda. La seva primera incursió acadèmica, però, serà el 1955 en l’àmbit de la història política, encara que sense sortir de l’Europa central, amb: German Social Democracy, 1905-1917: The Development of the Great Schism.

Després d’uns primers anys com a professor d’història a la Universitat de Wesleyan, el 1960 es va traslladar a Berkeley on va combinar la docència i la recerca amb una creixent implicació política en moviments com el Free Speech i de reforma universitària per obrir els centres als moviments socials del moment. Finalment, el 1969 va passar a exercir a la Universitat de Princeton, on ha desenvolupat la part més rellevant de la seva carrera acadèmica i va ser nomenat professor emèrit d’història. La revista Time va arribar a qualificar-lo com un dels deu acadèmics americans més influents.k6274

Com a historiador de la cultura, també destaquen dos treballs coeditats amb Thomas Bender: Budapest and New York: Studies in Metropolitan Transformation, 1870-1930 i American Academic Culture in Transformation. El 1998 va publicar el recull de treballs Pensar con la historia que dóna continuïtat als seu primers treballs sobre història cultural i sobre la Viena de final de segle. En certa mesura, un bon resum d’una impressionant trajectòria.

22 comments

  1. The Zune concentrates on being a Portable Media Player. Not a web browser. Not a game machine. Maybe in the future it’ll do even better in those areas, but for now it’s a fantastic way to organize and listen to your music and videos, and is without peer in that regard. The iPod’s strengths are its web browsing and apps. If those sound more compelling, perhaps it is your best choice.

  2. Sorry for the huge review, but I’m really loving the new Zune, and hope this, as well as the excellent reviews some other people have written, will help you decide if it’s the right choice for you.

  3. The new Zune browser is surprisingly good, but not as good as the iPod’s. It works well, but isn’t as fast as Safari, and has a clunkier interface. If you occasionally plan on using the web browser that’s not an issue, but if you’re planning to browse the web alot from your PMP then the iPod’s larger screen and better browser may be important.

  4. This is getting a bit more subjective, but I much prefer the Zune Marketplace. The interface is colorful, has more flair, and some cool features like ‘Mixview’ that let you quickly see related albums, songs, or other users related to what you’re listening to. Clicking on one of those will center on that item, and another set of “neighbors” will come into view, allowing you to navigate around exploring by similar artists, songs, or users. Speaking of users, the Zune “Social” is also great fun, letting you find others with shared tastes and becoming friends with them. You then can listen to a playlist created based on an amalgamation of what all your friends are listening to, which is also enjoyable. Those concerned with privacy will be relieved to know you can prevent the public from seeing your personal listening habits if you so choose.

  5. Zune and iPod: Most people compare the Zune to the Touch, but after seeing how slim and surprisingly small and light it is, I consider it to be a rather unique hybrid that combines qualities of both the Touch and the Nano. It’s very colorful and lovely OLED screen is slightly smaller than the touch screen, but the player itself feels quite a bit smaller and lighter. It weighs about 2/3 as much, and is noticeably smaller in width and height, while being just a hair thicker.

  6. The new Zune browser is surprisingly good, but not as good as the iPod’s. It works well, but isn’t as fast as Safari, and has a clunkier interface. If you occasionally plan on using the web browser that’s not an issue, but if you’re planning to browse the web alot from your PMP then the iPod’s larger screen and better browser may be important.

  7. Hands down, Apple’s app store wins by a mile. It’s a huge selection of all sorts of apps vs a rather sad selection of a handful for Zune. Microsoft has plans, especially in the realm of games, but I’m not sure I’d want to bet on the future if this aspect is important to you. The iPod is a much better choice in that case.

  8. Hands down, Apple’s app store wins by a mile. It’s a huge selection of all sorts of apps vs a rather sad selection of a handful for Zune. Microsoft has plans, especially in the realm of games, but I’m not sure I’d want to bet on the future if this aspect is important to you. The iPod is a much better choice in that case.

  9. Between me and my husband we’ve owned more MP3 players over the years than I can count, including Sansas, iRivers, iPods (classic & touch), the Ibiza Rhapsody, etc. But, the last few years I’ve settled down to one line of players. Why? Because I was happy to discover how well-designed and fun to use the underappreciated (and widely mocked) Zunes are.

  10. If you’re still on the fence: grab your favorite earphones, head down to a Best Buy and ask to plug them into a Zune then an iPod and see which one sounds better to you, and which interface makes you smile more. Then you’ll know which is right for you.

  11. If you’re still on the fence: grab your favorite earphones, head down to a Best Buy and ask to plug them into a Zune then an iPod and see which one sounds better to you, and which interface makes you smile more. Then you’ll know which is right for you.

  12. I’ll gear this review to 2 types of people: current Zune owners who are considering an upgrade, and people trying to decide between a Zune and an iPod. (There are other players worth considering out there, like the Sony Walkman X, but I hope this gives you enough info to make an informed decision of the Zune vs players other than the iPod line as well.)

  13. The new Zune browser is surprisingly good, but not as good as the iPod’s. It works well, but isn’t as fast as Safari, and has a clunkier interface. If you occasionally plan on using the web browser that’s not an issue, but if you’re planning to browse the web alot from your PMP then the iPod’s larger screen and better browser may be important.

  14. If you’re still on the fence: grab your favorite earphones, head down to a Best Buy and ask to plug them into a Zune then an iPod and see which one sounds better to you, and which interface makes you smile more. Then you’ll know which is right for you.

  15. The new Zune browser is surprisingly good, but not as good as the iPod’s. It works well, but isn’t as fast as Safari, and has a clunkier interface. If you occasionally plan on using the web browser that’s not an issue, but if you’re planning to browse the web alot from your PMP then the iPod’s larger screen and better browser may be important.

  16. Apple now has Rhapsody as an app, which is a great start, but it is currently hampered by the inability to store locally on your iPod, and has a dismal 64kbps bit rate. If this changes, then it will somewhat negate this advantage for the Zune, but the 10 songs per month will still be a big plus in Zune Pass’ favor.

  17. If you’re still on the fence: grab your favorite earphones, head down to a Best Buy and ask to plug them into a Zune then an iPod and see which one sounds better to you, and which interface makes you smile more. Then you’ll know which is right for you.

  18. The Zune concentrates on being a Portable Media Player. Not a web browser. Not a game machine. Maybe in the future it’ll do even better in those areas, but for now it’s a fantastic way to organize and listen to your music and videos, and is without peer in that regard. The iPod’s strengths are its web browsing and apps. If those sound more compelling, perhaps it is your best choice.

  19. The new Zune browser is surprisingly good, but not as good as the iPod’s. It works well, but isn’t as fast as Safari, and has a clunkier interface. If you occasionally plan on using the web browser that’s not an issue, but if you’re planning to browse the web alot from your PMP then the iPod’s larger screen and better browser may be important.

  20. Between me and my husband we’ve owned more MP3 players over the years than I can count, including Sansas, iRivers, iPods (classic & touch), the Ibiza Rhapsody, etc. But, the last few years I’ve settled down to one line of players. Why? Because I was happy to discover how well-designed and fun to use the underappreciated (and widely mocked) Zunes are.

  21. If you’re still on the fence: grab your favorite earphones, head down to a Best Buy and ask to plug them into a Zune then an iPod and see which one sounds better to you, and which interface makes you smile more. Then you’ll know which is right for you.

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