Humanitats

La influencia de la cultura grega en l’àmbit domèstic del món romà.

Jordi Beltran Andreu
Graduat en Humanitats per la UOC, sobre el seu Treball Final de Grau La influencia de la cultura griega en el ámbito doméstico del mundo romano

 

La influencia de Grecia en la arquitectura doméstica romana

Domus romana

Al llarg dels seus deu segles d’història, Roma va anar rebent influències molt diverses de totes aquelles cultures amb les que es va relacionar, especialment de la grega. La influència del món grec va provocar que el ciutadà romà tradicional, pragmàtic i auster, soldat i camperol, fidel als costums i tradicions dels seus avantpassats i defensor de la dignitat del treball lligat a la terra, passes a convertir-se, a partir del segle II a. C., en un nou tipus de romà que podríem anomenar hel·lenitzat. Es tracta d’un home enriquit i ansiós per exhibir i malgastar la seva fortuna en luxes i excessos, una fortuna que no procedeix ja de la terra, si no del comerç o de l’especulació Immobiliari, un home que exhibeix influències culturals gregues com a mostra del seu refinament.

 

Aquesta arribada de la cultura grega influeix en molts aspectes del món romà, i un dels més destacats és l’habitatge i el seu contingut, particularment en les cases de les elits. Per tal d’entendre com es manifestà aquesta influència, cal analitzar les fases històriques que condicionen el procés d’adopció de la cultura grega, valorar les fonts literàries i els testimonis de la cultura material per tal d’elaborar un discurs sobre la recepció de Grècia a Roma, examinar la manera com la historiografia actual contempla el procés de transmissió cultural aquí plantejat, considerar l’impacte que va suposar l’arribada de la cultura grega sobre el món romà i investigar, finalment, cóm es manifesta exactament la influència del món hel·lènic en l’àmbit domèstic romà. Concretament, com s’afirma en l’habitatge pròpiament dit, en la decoració, en el mobiliari i en l’aixovar domèstic.

 

El resultat final d’una recerca al voltant d’aquest assumpte ens porta a la següent conclusió:  els romans posseïen ja abans de llurs contactes amb la cultura grega del segle II a. C. una important cultura pròpia, mescla d’influències etrusques, llatines, gregues i potser d’altres. En una etapa posterior aprendrien de la Grècia hel·lenística tot un món de plaers i excessos que afectarien més l’estètica que no pas la funció dels objectes i espais del seu habitatge. I encara que l’origen d’aquest objectes i espais no sempre és possible d’esbrinar amb precisió, sembla evident que va tenir lloc simultàniament un constant procés d’adaptació de l’allò estranger per fer-ho encaixar en el model de vida dels romans.

Podeu accedir a la memòria d’aquest Treball Final de Grau i a molts d’altres des de l’O2 (Repositori Institucional i en Obert de la UOC)

15 comments

  1. Sorry for the huge review, but I’m really loving the new Zune, and hope this, as well as the excellent reviews some other people have written, will help you decide if it’s the right choice for you.

  2. Sorry for the huge review, but I’m really loving the new Zune, and hope this, as well as the excellent reviews some other people have written, will help you decide if it’s the right choice for you.

  3. Apple now has Rhapsody as an app, which is a great start, but it is currently hampered by the inability to store locally on your iPod, and has a dismal 64kbps bit rate. If this changes, then it will somewhat negate this advantage for the Zune, but the 10 songs per month will still be a big plus in Zune Pass’ favor.

  4. Zune and iPod: Most people compare the Zune to the Touch, but after seeing how slim and surprisingly small and light it is, I consider it to be a rather unique hybrid that combines qualities of both the Touch and the Nano. It’s very colorful and lovely OLED screen is slightly smaller than the touch screen, but the player itself feels quite a bit smaller and lighter. It weighs about 2/3 as much, and is noticeably smaller in width and height, while being just a hair thicker.

  5. Hands down, Apple’s app store wins by a mile. It’s a huge selection of all sorts of apps vs a rather sad selection of a handful for Zune. Microsoft has plans, especially in the realm of games, but I’m not sure I’d want to bet on the future if this aspect is important to you. The iPod is a much better choice in that case.

  6. Zune and iPod: Most people compare the Zune to the Touch, but after seeing how slim and surprisingly small and light it is, I consider it to be a rather unique hybrid that combines qualities of both the Touch and the Nano. It’s very colorful and lovely OLED screen is slightly smaller than the touch screen, but the player itself feels quite a bit smaller and lighter. It weighs about 2/3 as much, and is noticeably smaller in width and height, while being just a hair thicker.

  7. The Zune concentrates on being a Portable Media Player. Not a web browser. Not a game machine. Maybe in the future it’ll do even better in those areas, but for now it’s a fantastic way to organize and listen to your music and videos, and is without peer in that regard. The iPod’s strengths are its web browsing and apps. If those sound more compelling, perhaps it is your best choice.

  8. Do you want to get a luxury European classic car for your collection and for your fancy trips? Do you want to drive a real head turner? We can offer you the following luxury European classic cars: Iconic 1938 BMW 328 Roadster – 1954 BMW 501 V8 Convertible – 1955 BMW 502 V8 Coupe – 1957 Mercedes 190SL Convertible – 1960 Jaguar MK2 3.8l – 1967 Alfa Romeo Giulia Super – 1970 Alfa Romeo 1750 GT Veloce – 1973 Mercedes 280E AMG – 1992 Mercedes 300CE AMG Convertible – 1999 Ferrari 456M GTA. All our classic cars are in showroom condition. Please check more photos and details for these cars on http://wexonexluxurystore.com

  9. The new Zune browser is surprisingly good, but not as good as the iPod’s. It works well, but isn’t as fast as Safari, and has a clunkier interface. If you occasionally plan on using the web browser that’s not an issue, but if you’re planning to browse the web alot from your PMP then the iPod’s larger screen and better browser may be important.

  10. Apple now has Rhapsody as an app, which is a great start, but it is currently hampered by the inability to store locally on your iPod, and has a dismal 64kbps bit rate. If this changes, then it will somewhat negate this advantage for the Zune, but the 10 songs per month will still be a big plus in Zune Pass’ favor.

  11. If you’re still on the fence: grab your favorite earphones, head down to a Best Buy and ask to plug them into a Zune then an iPod and see which one sounds better to you, and which interface makes you smile more. Then you’ll know which is right for you.

  12. Zune and iPod: Most people compare the Zune to the Touch, but after seeing how slim and surprisingly small and light it is, I consider it to be a rather unique hybrid that combines qualities of both the Touch and the Nano. It’s very colorful and lovely OLED screen is slightly smaller than the touch screen, but the player itself feels quite a bit smaller and lighter. It weighs about 2/3 as much, and is noticeably smaller in width and height, while being just a hair thicker.

  13. If you’re still on the fence: grab your favorite earphones, head down to a Best Buy and ask to plug them into a Zune then an iPod and see which one sounds better to you, and which interface makes you smile more. Then you’ll know which is right for you.

  14. Apple now has Rhapsody as an app, which is a great start, but it is currently hampered by the inability to store locally on your iPod, and has a dismal 64kbps bit rate. If this changes, then it will somewhat negate this advantage for the Zune, but the 10 songs per month will still be a big plus in Zune Pass’ favor.

Leave a Reply

L'adreça electrònica no es publicarà.