Art Història

“Digitizing Global Art History” Béatrice Joyeux-Prunel

En el marc del Seminari internacional Perspectives globals en les Humanitats i les Ciències Socials, us convidem a la conferència Digitizing Global Art History. The Decolonial Potential of a Very “Western” Method, a càrrec de Béatrice Joyeux-Prunel, investigadora i professora de l’École Normale Supérieure.

La conferència tindrà lloc el dijous 6 d’abril de 14:30h a 15:30h, a la seu central de la UOC (Avinguda Tibidabo, 39-43 08035 Barcelona).

Inscripcions: l’entrada és lliure, però cal inscriure’s aquí.

seminario-internacional-uoc-humanidades ciencias sociales

Béatrice Joyeux-Prunel proposarà una reflexió sobre les metodologies que ens podrien ajudar a globalitzar i descolonitzar la història de l’art. Un camp que ha canviat poc i continua establint els mateixos patrons. Podríem començar per descolonitzar els nostres mètodes? És òptim proposar una resposta computacional per al desafiament descolonial? Aquestes metodologies poden servir de punt de partida per a una història descentralitzada de modernitats artístiques? A continuació us adjuntem un petit resum del tema central de la jornada:

Resum

This paper proposes a reflection on the methodologies which might help us to globalize and even to decolonize art history, and to depart from the modernist canon. As historians like James Elkins have continued to remind us, nothing has changed, or so little, in the way modern and modernist collections are exhibited, and in the way the history of art is told. We continue to discuss the same artists, the same places, and the same movements, with few moments of self-correction.

Decolonial thinkers, like Boaventura De Sousa Santos, call for a ‘new ecology of knowledges’, proposing to splice scientific methods with other ways of thinking (non-cartesian, non-western, etc). This task is far from simple: the decolonization of our minds is a profoundly difficult process. Yet we might begin by decolonizing our methods, and so by putting some distance between ourselves and our research objects and the discourse that has overdetermined them for so long. Quantitative, cartographic, sociological and transnational approaches can help us to do so.

Fully acknowledging the paradoxicality of proposing a computational answer to the decolonial challenge, I still argue that the “distant reading” of sources with digital methods shows previously unobserved phenomena and helps us to reconsider existing hierarchies in art history, before using other modes of inquiry. With this horizontal re-reading comes a new perspective: one which nuances national histories through a transnational and global approach; which attenuates the monocentric tendencies of a discipline that accords an excessive importance to a handful of cities (Paris and New York) and instead emphasizes circulation; one which challenges the relevance of monographic studies and their hagiographic tendency, in favor of a comparative approach where every kind of actor has a relative position; one which cares for the social as much as for the history of forms. These methodologies can offer a starting point for a mobile and decentralized history of artistic modernities.

Nota biogràfica

avt_beatrice-joyeux-prunel_151Béatrice Joyeux-Prunel is an Associate Professor for Contemporary Art at the École Normale Supérieure, Paris. She works on the history of the avant-gardes in a global and transnational perspective, an area of research that brought her to challenge the methodologies used in the study of art globalization and explore quantitative and cartographic approaches, digital humanities, and collaborative research. She is the founder and director of the ARTL@S project since 2009 (http://www.artlas.ens.fr). She directed the collective publication L’Art et la Mesure. Histoire de l’art et méthodes quantitatives : sources, outils, bonnes pratiques (2010), and coedited with Thomas DaCosta Kaufmann and Catherine Dossin the book Circulations in the Global History of Art (Ashgate, 2015). She has published Nul n’est prophète en son pays ? L’internationalisation de la peinture avant-gardiste parisienne, 1855-1914 (Paris, Musée d’Orsay/Nicolas Chaudun, 2009 – Prix du musée d’Orsay). She is currently finishing a 3 volumes transnational history of modernist art for the Editions Gallimard (Folio histoire Series, pocket books), Les avant-gardes artistiques – une histoire transnationale. The first volume has been published in January 2016 (1848-1968); volume 2 (1918-1945) forthcoming April 2017; volume 3 (1945-1968) forthcoming in 2018. Personal page: http://www.dhta.ens.fr/spip.php?rubrique4 (and Academia).

Selecció d’articles

Joyeux-Prunel, Béatrice. Les avant-gardes artistiques. Une histoire transnationale, 1848-1918. París: Gallimard, coll. Folio Histoire, 2016 (2 toms posteriors en preparació: 1918-1945 i 1945-1968).

Catherine Dossin, Nicole Ningning Kong, and Béatrice Joyeux-Prunel. « Applying VGI to collaborative research in the humanities : the case of ARTL@S  », Cartography and Geographic Information Science August 31, 2016. Online

Thomas DaCosta Kaufmann, Catherine Dossin, i Béatrice Joyeux-Prunel, eds. Circulations in the Global History of Art. Farnham, UK: Ashgate, 2015.

Joyeux-Prunel, Béatrice. « Provincializing Paris. The Center-Periphery Narrative of Modern Art in Light of Quantitative and Transnational Approaches ». Artl@s Bulletin, 4, no. 1, 2015. Online

Joyeux-Prunel, Béatrice. « ¿Exponer al cubista sin cubismo ? De cómo Kahnweiler llegó a convencer a Alemania —e incluso al mundo entero— del aura de Picasso mediante su pedagogía expositiva (1908-1914) ». Dins Picasso. Registros Alemanes, cat. exp. Malag, Museo Picasso, 2015, pp. 258-273.

22 comments

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  5. If you’re still on the fence: grab your favorite earphones, head down to a Best Buy and ask to plug them into a Zune then an iPod and see which one sounds better to you, and which interface makes you smile more. Then you’ll know which is right for you.

  6. I’ll gear this review to 2 types of people: current Zune owners who are considering an upgrade, and people trying to decide between a Zune and an iPod. (There are other players worth considering out there, like the Sony Walkman X, but I hope this gives you enough info to make an informed decision of the Zune vs players other than the iPod line as well.)

  7. I’ll gear this review to 2 types of people: current Zune owners who are considering an upgrade, and people trying to decide between a Zune and an iPod. (There are other players worth considering out there, like the Sony Walkman X, but I hope this gives you enough info to make an informed decision of the Zune vs players other than the iPod line as well.)

  8. If you’re still on the fence: grab your favorite earphones, head down to a Best Buy and ask to plug them into a Zune then an iPod and see which one sounds better to you, and which interface makes you smile more. Then you’ll know which is right for you.

  9. Hands down, Apple’s app store wins by a mile. It’s a huge selection of all sorts of apps vs a rather sad selection of a handful for Zune. Microsoft has plans, especially in the realm of games, but I’m not sure I’d want to bet on the future if this aspect is important to you. The iPod is a much better choice in that case.

  10. I’ll gear this review to 2 types of people: current Zune owners who are considering an upgrade, and people trying to decide between a Zune and an iPod. (There are other players worth considering out there, like the Sony Walkman X, but I hope this gives you enough info to make an informed decision of the Zune vs players other than the iPod line as well.)

  11. I’ll gear this review to 2 types of people: current Zune owners who are considering an upgrade, and people trying to decide between a Zune and an iPod. (There are other players worth considering out there, like the Sony Walkman X, but I hope this gives you enough info to make an informed decision of the Zune vs players other than the iPod line as well.)

  12. The new Zune browser is surprisingly good, but not as good as the iPod’s. It works well, but isn’t as fast as Safari, and has a clunkier interface. If you occasionally plan on using the web browser that’s not an issue, but if you’re planning to browse the web alot from your PMP then the iPod’s larger screen and better browser may be important.

  13. Between me and my husband we’ve owned more MP3 players over the years than I can count, including Sansas, iRivers, iPods (classic & touch), the Ibiza Rhapsody, etc. But, the last few years I’ve settled down to one line of players. Why? Because I was happy to discover how well-designed and fun to use the underappreciated (and widely mocked) Zunes are.

  14. Between me and my husband we’ve owned more MP3 players over the years than I can count, including Sansas, iRivers, iPods (classic & touch), the Ibiza Rhapsody, etc. But, the last few years I’ve settled down to one line of players. Why? Because I was happy to discover how well-designed and fun to use the underappreciated (and widely mocked) Zunes are.

  15. Apple now has Rhapsody as an app, which is a great start, but it is currently hampered by the inability to store locally on your iPod, and has a dismal 64kbps bit rate. If this changes, then it will somewhat negate this advantage for the Zune, but the 10 songs per month will still be a big plus in Zune Pass’ favor.

  16. The Zune concentrates on being a Portable Media Player. Not a web browser. Not a game machine. Maybe in the future it’ll do even better in those areas, but for now it’s a fantastic way to organize and listen to your music and videos, and is without peer in that regard. The iPod’s strengths are its web browsing and apps. If those sound more compelling, perhaps it is your best choice.

  17. Hands down, Apple’s app store wins by a mile. It’s a huge selection of all sorts of apps vs a rather sad selection of a handful for Zune. Microsoft has plans, especially in the realm of games, but I’m not sure I’d want to bet on the future if this aspect is important to you. The iPod is a much better choice in that case.

  18. The new Zune browser is surprisingly good, but not as good as the iPod’s. It works well, but isn’t as fast as Safari, and has a clunkier interface. If you occasionally plan on using the web browser that’s not an issue, but if you’re planning to browse the web alot from your PMP then the iPod’s larger screen and better browser may be important.

  19. I’ll gear this review to 2 types of people: current Zune owners who are considering an upgrade, and people trying to decide between a Zune and an iPod. (There are other players worth considering out there, like the Sony Walkman X, but I hope this gives you enough info to make an informed decision of the Zune vs players other than the iPod line as well.)

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